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Ulcerative colitis

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Ulcerative colitis
Pathology
Type

Autoimmune

Cause(s)

Unknown

Symptoms

Bloody diarrhea

Mortality Rate

Low

Treatments

Steroids

Show Information
  [Source]

Ulcerative colitis is an autoimmune condition of the large intestine, characterized by the appearance of ulcers.  It is also believed to have genetic and dietary components.  It is one of several inflammatory bowel diseases, but is rarer than other conditions of this type.  However, because it has many of the same symptoms as both irritable bowel syndrome and Crohn's disease, it is often mistaken for these conditions.  

Treatment starts with steroids, but surgery may be necessary if the ulcers or damage to the colon are widespread.  There is no cure for the condition and it requires ongoing management and monitoring. 

Ulcerative colitis often appears with other systemic autoimmune conditions.  Patients with ulcerative colitis are also at increased risk for cancer of the colon and rectum.

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