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Sprain

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Sprain
Pathology
Type

Trauma

Cause(s)

Overextension of joint beyond it's physical limits

Symptoms

Pain, Edema, Bruising, difficulty in putting weight on joint

Mortality Rate

Low

Treatments

Immobilization, rest, occasionally surgery

Show Information
  [Source]

A sprain is an injury to a joint caused by its being overstretched beyond its limit capacity. It most often happens to the ankle, knee, fingers, wrist and toes. Although they can be caused by a sudden trauma, they are often caused by fatigue of the supporting muscles or by sudden physical exertion after inactivity.

Sprains are easy to diagnose, athough a physician may recommend an x-ray to insure there are no fractures.

Sprains will resolve themselves unless a ligament becomes detached. Rest, icing, compression, partial immobilization and elevation will all speed healing. Analgesics are recommended for any pain. Full immobilization (such as a cast) is not recommended as this will usually slow healing. Mild exercise is recommended once pain and swelling decrease (after 1–3 days in most cases).

To avoid sprains, a period of warming up is recommended before intense exercise such as running, and exercise should cease if fatigue sets in.

Sprain at Wikipedia

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