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Sclerosing cholangitis

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Primary sclerosing cholangitis
Pathology
Type

Autoimmune

Cause(s)

Immune reaction to the tissues of the biliary ducts

Symptoms

Chronic fatigue, severe jaundice, intense itching, cirrhosis, enlarged liver, ascending cholangitis, dark urine

Mortality Rate

Death or liver transplant likely within 10 years without treatment.

Treatments

Ursodeoxycholic acid and drugs to manage the symptoms.

Show Information
  [Source]


Sclerosing cholangitis is a disease where the ducts leading from the liver become inflamed and scarred, preventing fluids from passing through them. It is caused by an autoimmune reaction to the tissues of these ducts. It presents with symptoms typical of diseases of the liver, including fatigue, jaundice and an enlarged liver.

The disease cannot be cured except with a liver transplant, but in most cases can be managed with drugs that reduce the inflammation and address the other symptoms of the condition.

Primary sclerosing cholangitis at Wikipedia

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