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Prostate gland

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The location of the prostate, courtesy American Cancer Institute, via Wikimedia Commons

In humans, the prostate is a gland that occurs only in males and is part of the reproductive system. It is roughtly the size of a kiwifruit. It produces a fluid that forms about 20-30% of the volume of semen. This fluid is slightly alkaline and helps the sperm survive longer in the acidic environment of the female vagina. It also contains muscles that assist with ejaculation.

The prostate will not function unless there is sufficient testosterone in the body.

There are several diseases that affect the prostate, including cancer.

Prostate at Wikipedia

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