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Paranoid personality disorder

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Paranoid personality disorder
Pathology
Type

Psychiatric

Cause(s)

Genetic

Symptoms

Paranoia, sensitivity to setbacks, grudge holding, mistrust, combative sense of personal rights, suspiciousness, excessive self-importance, belief in conspiracies

Treatments

Psychotherapy, anti-depressants, anti-psychotics, anti-anxiety drugs.

Show Information
  [Source]


Paranoid personality disorder is a psychiatric condition characterized by paranoia and a general mistrust of others. It often manifests as isolation from others and a tendency to observe other's behavior solely to confirm their own suspicions. It often appears alongside other psychiatric disorders. It is part of the schizophrenia spectrum disorders and tends to run in families.

Under World Health Organization guidelines, a person can be diagnosed with the condition if they exhibit three of the following symptoms:

  • Excessive sensitivity to setbacks
  • Tendency to persistently bear grudges
  • A tendency to construe neutral or even postive responses of others with suspicion
  • A tenacious sense of personal rights out of proportion to the situation at hand
  • Consistent suspicion of infidelity from intimate partners
  • Excessive self-importance
  • Preoccupation with conspiratorial explanations for personal or world events

The condition must be distinguished from delusional disorder and schizophrenia in a differential diagnosis.

Treatment of patients with the condition is difficult due to their underlying suspicion. In most cases a mix of pharmaceutical therapy and psychotherapy is used to control the condition. However, improvement is generally only seen in patients who acknowledge their condition and seek help for it.

Paranoid personality disorder at Wikipedia

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