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Leiomyoma

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Leiomyoma
Pathology
Type

Cancer

Cause(s)

Uncontrolled growth of smooth muscle tissue

Symptoms

Usually, a growth in the uterus, gall bladder or esophagus

Mortality Rate

Very low

Treatments

Usually only monitoring, but surgery if necessary

Show Information
  [Source]

A leiomyoma or, more commonly, a fibroid, is a tumor that grows from the smooth muscles of organs such as the uterus, gall bladder, small intestine or esophagus. They are almost always benign with only about 1 in 1000 becoming malignant.

Somewhat more commonly, they may cause a paraneoplastic syndrome - polycythemia. Uterine fibroids can also cause bleeding and anemia.

If the fibroid causes no other symptoms, it is usually left in place and monitored as the surgery to remove it will usually have unacceptable side effects, such as removal of much or all of the surrounding tissue.

Leiomyoma at Wikipedia

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