Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a hereditary inflammatory disorder that affects groups of people originating from around the Mediterranean Sea (hence its name). It is prominently present in the Armenian people, Sephardi Jews (and, to a much lesser extent, Ashkenazi Jews), Greeks, and people from Turkey and the Arab countries.
The symptoms are generally self-limiting and will disappear of their own accord. Analgesics and anti-inflammatories can be used to treat the symptoms of attacks. However, FMF patients appear to be at risk for more serious disorders such as amyloidosis and vasculitis.