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Cognitive behavioral therapy is a form of psychotherapy that focusses on dysfunctional emotional response, poor behavior, and cognitive processes. It is commonly and effectively used in the treatment of anxiety disorders and clinical depression.
It has gained favor as it is less risky than pharmacotherapy and is more effective than traditional psychotherapy methods.
The method has six phases:
- Psychological assessment (largely to rule out conditions that should be treated with other methods)
- Reconceptualization - helping patients see their issues in a new light
- Skills acquisition - teaching patients strategies and skills to address their personal issues
- Skills consolidation and application training - allowing the patient to practice their skills
- Generalization and maintenance - helping patients deal with common problems and teaching them to maintain their skills
- Post-treatment assessment and follow-up